How to Grow & Care Aeoniums Plant

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The genus Aeonium, which includes about thirty-five species of succulent plants, is distinguished by its unique glossy, waxy leaves that are grouped in rosettes. Often called tree houseleeks, these plants come in a variety of sizes. Smaller types, like A. tabuliforme and B. smithii, can only reach a height of a few inches, while larger types, like C. arboreum, D. valverdense, and E. holochrysum, can reach several feet.

Misconceptions are frequently caused by the perfectly rounded leaves that comprise the rosette structures, which can appear manufactured because to their perfection. These rosettes are available in solid hues or in variegated blends of red, green, yellow, and white. Though they cluster in the centre of the rosettes, the little, star-shaped blooms are not very noticeable.

Aeoniums are hardy in both indoor and outdoor environments, yet it can take them up to five years to produce clusters of flowers due to their languid growth. Aeoniums are mostly monocarpic, meaning that the mother plant perishes after flowering. On the other hand, the puppies keep producing new shoots, which guarantees the plant’s continued life.

Some More information about the Plant

• Common Name:
Aeonium, tree houseleek
• Botanical Name
Aeonium spp.
• Family:
• Plant Type:
• Mature Size:
3–36 in. tall & 6-12 in. wide
• Sun Exposure:
Full, Partial
• Soil Type:
Sandy, Loamy
• Soil pH:
Neutral, acidic
• Bloom Time:
Winter, spring
• Flower Color:
• Hardiness Zones:
9–11 (USDA)
• Native Area:
Canary Islands, Africa


Warmer areas are a good fit for aeoniums because they grow well as ground-based perennials or in pots on patios and decks. It is recommended to grow plants in containers in colder climates and to bring them inside before the first frost. Aeoniums make an eye-catching display when grouped together in gardens, especially the taller types like Aeonium undulatum and Aeonium smithii, which can be readily pruned if they get too lanky and from which cuttings can easily germinate to produce new plants.


These succulents like damp but well-draining soil because of their thin root systems and water-storing leaves. If the stems come into contact with the earth or the plant gets pot-bound, they may form roots that will help with multiplication. Replanting lanky branches that are prone to falling can result in new plants.


Aeoniums require full or partial sunshine, while in hotter climates they may require some mild shade. 6–8 hours a day of bright, indirect light indoors is best. If leaves exhibit brown or white streaks, indicating an abundance of direct sunlight, reposition.


Avoid using excessively dry mixes of succulents and cacti for aeoniums; instead, use sandy loam or potting mix enriched with perlite. Watering should be done such that the soil can dry out in between cycles, with less watering in the summer and winter when the soil is dormant. Even though they require more moisture than certain other succulents, root rot can result from overwatering or soggy soil.


A temperate climate akin to the Mediterranean is preferred by aeoniums (USDA zones 9-11). During the growing season, fertilise using a balanced fertiliser that is half-strength, varying the frequency of application according to the soil’s nutrient levels and plant maturity. In order to prevent leaf touch when applying fertiliser at soil level, avoid feeding during the dormant season.


Different kinds of aeonium provide different looks. Prominent options include Aeonium arboreum, Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum,’ and Aeonium arboreum ‘Zwartkop’. Aeonium davidbramwelli ‘Sunburst’ and Aeonium ‘Garnet’ have distinct colours. The vivid flowers of Aeonium haworthii ‘Tricolour’ are striking.

Aeoniums are propagated by taking cuttings in the spring and letting them calluse before planting them in a mixture of succulent mix and potting soil. Proper root development and drainage are essential for effective propagation.

Growing in containers made of terracotta or clay is good since it gives you better control over the moisture content of the soil. Repot in the spring, and if necessary, refresh the soil once a year.

Aphids, mealybugs, mites, scale, and ants are examples of common pests. For other pests, use water or a moderate insecticidal soap treatment, then ant bait to assist manage ant problems.

Aeoniums display typical behaviours that could be interpreted incorrectly as problems. It is normal for rosettes to close during hibernation and for bottom leaves to shed. Sunburn is indicated by browning leaves, which can be removed. Removing the flowered area of dying mother branches and allowing side shoots to grow will save the branch.

FAQs cover topics such as how simple it is to raise aeoniums, how slowly they develop, how long they can live through side shoots, and how they differ from hens and chicks.